Visual Vibration Tomography: Estimating Interior Material Properties from Monocular Video

Berthy T. Feng    Alexander C. Ogren    Chiara Daraio    Katherine L. Bouman

California Institute of Technology    


An object's interior material properties, while invisible to the human eye, determine motion observed on its surface. We propose an approach that estimates heterogeneous material properties of an object directly from a monocular video of its surface vibrations. Specifically, we estimate Young's modulus and density throughout a 3D object with known geometry. Knowledge of how these values change across the object is useful for characterizing defects and simulating how the object will interact with different environments. Traditional non-destructive testing approaches, which generally estimate homogenized material properties or the presence of defects, are expensive and use specialized instruments. We propose an approach that leverages monocular video to (1) measure and object's sub-pixel motion and decompose this motion into image-space modes, and (2) directly infer spatially-varying Young's modulus and density values from the observed image-space modes. On both simulated and real videos, we demonstrate that our approach is able to image material properties simply by analyzing surface motion. In particular, our method allows us to identify unseen defects on a 2D drum head from real, high-speed video.

paper [pdf]


Berthy T. Feng, Alexander C. Ogren, Chiara Dario, and Katherine L. Bouman (2021). "Visual Vibration Tomography: Estimating Interior Material Properties from Monocular Video." arXiv:2104.02735, 2021.